SALEIE logo that when clicked will open a new window to access the SALEIE home page.

Strategic ALignment of Electrical and Information Engineering in European Higher Education Institutions

European Union flag.



User guide



Click on the image to the left to select the project website section to go to.

Click on the images to the left and above to select the project website section to go to (Technical Challenge Areas, Student and Staff Support Hub or Governance) OR select the Student and Staff Support Hub below.

Technical Global Challenges Areas Student and Staff Support HUB Higher Education Policy Hub


Higher Education Technical Challenges Hub: Module Specification

ICT08M2 Scientific awareness

pdf version of module specification

Download the module specification

pdf version of module specification








Module name:

Scientific awareness

Scope and form:

Duration (weeks; Hours/week):

15 weeks, 4h/week

Type of assessment:

Students must participate actively in colloquiums by giving short oral presentations on the various subjects and participate in discussions. The candidate must then deliver a written report in which the Master project of the candidate is discussed in relation to selected topics covered. The report is graded Pass/Fail.

Qualified Prerequisites:

BSc in informatics or equivalent

General module objectives:

Topics and short description:

The module is divided into two parts.
1. History of Science and research methodologies
This part in the module gives an introduction to the most important traditions within theory of science that are applied in modern engineering research. This includes the critical rationalism of Popper and the theory of scientific revolutions of Kuhn. The most important methodological approaches in natural science are introduced: deductive and inductive approaches to research. Hypothesis construction. A special emphasis will be put on methodologies that are prevalent in research within ICT such as constructive research methods. Central problems pertaining to the use of these methodologies will also be discussed: the relationship between observations and theory, the problem of theory-dependence, reasoning methods and argumentation.
2. Ethics and scientific integrity
This part introduces the ethical foundations of research, and ethical responsibilities in scientific work. Independent and commissioned research. Different aspects of responsibility are presented and discussed: professional, societal and environmental responsibilities. Ethical guidelines for research projects and related issues such as data retention and reproducibility and handling of research data to guard against fabrication and manipulation. Plagiarism and self-plagiarism will also be discussed.

Learning outcomes:




Give an overview of the history of scientific and technological development of ICT

Identify the science-theoretical foundations for a specific research project

Recognize and discuss science-theoretic and methodological aspects of a research project

Explain the main positions within the philosophy of science and technology research, and contemporary critiques of these

Apply existing research methods to research projects and critically evaluate the results of this in the light of possible weaknesses or reservations in the theoretical foundations of these methods

Recognize and discuss ethical aspects of a research project

Define the main methodological approaches to natural science and technological research

Reference sources correctly

Explain what constitutes plagiarism and self-plagiarism

Identify ethical problems that may be relevant for a research project, and carry out the research based on reflections and deliberations over these problems

Distinguish the different types of ethical responsibilities that comes with scientific work: professional, community, social and environmental

Recommended literature: