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Higher Education Technical Challenges Hub: Module Specification

ICT18M2 Biometric Techniques 1

pdf version of module specification

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pdf version of module specification








Module name:

Biometric Techniques 1

Scope and form:


Duration (weeks; Hours/week):

15 weeks, 4h/week (180 hours of workload)

Type of assessment:

Final exam

Qualified Prerequisites:

Fundamentals in algebra, calculus, computer sciences and image processing.

General module objectives:

The objectives of the module are as follows: to introduce the basics of biometrics, its history and methodology, to give a concept of biometrics as a science of recognizing the person identity based on the physical or behavioral attributes of the individual, to view biometric systems as pattern recognition engines, to consider main biometric technics and the methods of pattern analysis and recognition.

Topics and short description:

Overview: History, methodology, scope, problems, and approaches of biometrics. Security risks (unique identifier, duplicates and related problematic) and authentication levels (token, password, biometric etc.). Legal, social and ethical concepts associated with biometrics usage.
Physiological traits and the methods of recognition. Fingerprints and the used techniques — optical, ultrasonic, thermal and capacitance. Facial recognition (2D and 3D methods). Hand geometry and palm print. Hand vein pattern recognition. Iris recognition. Retina recognition.
Behavioral traits and the methods of recognition. Dynamic signature recognition. Voice recognition.
Operation of a biometric system. Sensor, feature extraction, matching and decision-making, system data base modules; verification and identification modes of an operation system.
Multibiometrics. Using several sources of biometric data. Types of multibiometric systems –multi-sensor, multi-algorithms, multi-instance, multi-sample, multimodal and hybrid.
Application of biometric systems. The main fields and examples of biometric technics application.

This course contains the main concepts of the biometric technics.  More specific technology are given in the courses Biometric techniques II (ICT34M1) and Biometric identification systems and video surveillance (ICT33M1).

Learning outcomes:




Security risks. Authentication levels. Ethical implications.

Security risk analysis

Ethical concepts associated with biometrics usage

Fundamentals of biometrics authentication

Ability to represent problems and methods of solution

Students have to understand  the main biometric traits and methods

Fundamentals of operation of a biometric systems

Ability to select the most appropriate type of biometric system for a given problem

Ability to comprehend the applicability of different systems to solve the problem

Fundamentals of multibiometrics and using biometric systems in practice

Ability to propose the optimal source data for a given problem

Students have to know main application domains of biometric systems

Recommended literature:

J. Aushborn. Guide to biometrics for large scale systems. Technological, Operational and User-related factors. 2011, Springer, ISBN 978-0-85-729-465-1.
N. V. Boulgorius, Konstantinos N. Plataniotis, Biometrics: Theory, Methods and Applications (IEEE Press Sweries on Computational Intelligence), Wiley-IEEE Press, 2009, ISBN 0470247827.
A. K. Jain, A. Ross and S. Prabhakar. “An introduction to biometric recognition,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technology, Special Issue Image- and Video-Based Biomet, vol. 14, Issue 1, (2004), pp. 4–20.
A.K. Jain, P.J. Flynn and A. Ross (eds.) (2007) Handbook of Biometrics, Springer.
A. K. Jain, A. A. Ross, and K. Nandakumar. Introduction to biometrics. Springer Science & Business Media, 2011
S. Prabhakar, S.Pankanti, A. K. Jain. Biometric Recognition: Security and Privacy Concerns // IEEE Security & Privacy. – 2003. – Vol. 1, No. 2. – P. 33–42.
J. R. Vacca. Biometric technologies and verification systems. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007.
A. Watson. Biometrics: Easy to Steal, Hard to Regain Identity // Nature. – 2007. – Vol. 449. – P. 535.