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Higher Education Technical Challenges Hub: Module Specification

RE11M2-Smart Grids

pdf version of module specification

Download the module specification

pdf version of module specification








Module name:

Smart Grids

Scope and form:


Duration (weeks; Hours/week):

15 weeks; 4 hours/week

Type of assessment:

Supervised projects (25%); Laboratory assessment (25%); Final exam (50%)

Qualified Prerequisites:

Good knowledge on electrical circuit analysis and power systems; basic knowledge on power electronics (e.g. Bachelor in Power Systems Engineering)

General module objectives:

This module describes the different parts of Smart Grids and MicroGrids, their typologies and the agents involved in their control and management. It aims to train highly qualified professionals in operation of new electrical energy grids, including RES (renewable energy sources) and FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission Systems)

Topics and short description:

Introduction to Smart Grid: objectives and benefits.
Technologies used in Smart Grids: distributed generation; electricity demand; energy storage systems; power electronics configurations; centralized and distributed control systems; impact of electric vehicles
Distributed computing in electric grid simulation (load flow, contingencies, etc.)
MicroGrids: isolated or connected to the network
Operation in Smart Grids: protection systems; control systems; automatization
Congestion Management

Learning outcomes:




Situation of electrical systems: economic and environmental problems. Technical, economic and environmental advantages of distributed generation

Analyses the network conditions and evaluates the possibilities of Smart Grids integration

Understanding of current energy situation from the point of view of network connection. Understanding of limitations of current electrical situation and the advantages of distributed systems

Power quality and supply assurance of distributed generation systems and microgrids

Able to assess power quality and reliability conditions of distributed generation systems and microgrids

Ability to determine the energy efficiency, reliability and sustainability of equipment and electrical systems

Measurement, protection and distributed analysis in the networks

Evaluates the operation of networks and provides measurement and protection equipment in order to improve them

Ability to improve the operation of networks in response to technical and economic criteria

Utilization of IT equipment

Develops IT equipment in order to choose the right solutions in network operations

Ability to operate the grid effectively

Integration of distributed generation systems of renewable energies; energy storage systems used in smart grids and microgrids

Identifies, classifies, describes and selects the distributed generation and energy storage systems

Ability to solve the integration issues of distributed generation in existing networks


Flexible AC Transmission Systems
Operation and simulation of series/shunt compensation devices
Operation and simulation of control/regulation devices.

The student applies knowledge and skills to power perform sizing and simulations for FACTS

Power electronics configurations used in isolated microgrids and in smart grids

Evaluates the power electronics configuration required in microgrids and smart grids

Ability to select the power electronic configurations in isolated microgrids and smart grids

Demand side management and supply side management

Evaluates the necessities of both electrical demand sides, providing management measures

Ability to implement management measures from both the demand and the supply sides

Congestion Management

Congestion assessment
Congestion management tools
Grid trunking under congestion
Congestion billing

The student uses critical/creative thinking processes to combine congestion management skills

Recommended literature:

JanakaEkanayake ... [et al.]. Smart grid: technology and applications . Chichester, West Sussex, U.K. ; Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, 2012
B. M. Buchholz, Z. Styczynski. Smart grids – Fundamentals and Technologies in Electricity Networks. Springer Vieweg, 2014.
Vicini, Rommel A. Smart grid: fundamentos, tecnologías y aplicaciones.Rommel A. Vicini, Osvaldo M. Micheloud . México D.F. : Cengage Learning, cop. 2012
S. F. Bush. Smart Grid: Communication-Enabled Intelligence for the Electric Power Grid. Wiley IEEE, 2014
M. Uslar. Standardization in Smart Grids: Introduction to IT-Related Methodologies, Architectures and Standards. Springer, 2013.
Eremia, M., Song, Y.H., Hatziargyriou, N. - Electric Power Systems. Vol. I. Electric Networks, Romanian Academy Publishing House, 2006.
James Momoh - Smart Grid: Fundamentals of Design and Analysis, 2012, Wiley-IEEE Press.
Fereidoon P. Sioshansi (Ed.) - Smart Grid - Integrating Renewable, Distributed & Efficient Energy, 2012, Elsevier Inc.
Stuart Borlase (Ed.) - Smart Grids: Infrastructure, Technology, and Solutions, CRC Press, 2012.
European Commission – European Smart Grids Technology Platform, Vision and Strategy for Europe’s Electricity Networks of the Future, 2006 (
Platform EPRI – The Integrated Energy and Communication Systems Architecture, Vol. IV, Technical Analysis, Electric Power Research Institute, 2004. (
Smart Grids European Technology Platform ( - Vision and Strategy for Europe’s Electricity Networks of the Future (2006).
Smart Grids European Technology Platform ( - Strategic Deployment Document for Europe’s Electricity Networks of the Future (2008).
Smart Grids European Technology Platform ( – Energy retailer’s perspective on the deployment of Smart Grids in Europe (2011).