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Higher Education Technical Challenges Hub: Module Specification

RE19M3 - Hydro Power Generation, Storage and Transmission

pdf version of module specification

Download the module specification

pdf version of module specification








Module name:

Hydro Power Generation, Storage and Transmission

Scope and form:

Provide the students with the required knowledge on hydropower resources

Duration (weeks; Hours/week):

15 weeks (3 hours of lectures and 3 hours of laboratory classes); 60 hours of self-study time.

Type of assessment:

Diagnostic tests, independent homework, achievement tests, seminar papers

Qualified Prerequisites:

Knowledge in mathematics and physics; knowledge in electrical circuits.

General module objectives:

Understanding of the physical and technical basis of kinetic and potential hydropower conversion into electricity
Understanding of the social and economic implications associated with the use of these resources.
Explain the methodology and understand the results of an appraisal of the potential of water energy in a specific location, taking into account the site conditions and the water energy convertors used.
Understanding the current state of technical development of water turbines, the degree of use of hydropower potential, and the financial aspects of project development.

Topics and short description:

Hydropower resources. Fundamentals of hydropower, evaluation of head and flow. Calculations of streamflow and energy production. Conversions of hydropower into electricity. Main hydraulic components of a hydropower station. Types and hydraulic design and calculations of spillways, bottom outlets and intakes. Main types of waterways and calculations of total head losses.Powerhouse equipment and layout. Turbine selection and flow control - hydraulics of impulse and reaction turbines, including Pelton; cross-flow; propeller (i.e. Kaplan); Francis; and kinetic energy (free-flow) turbines; spiral and draft tube hydraulics. Cavitation. Specific speed and turbine sizing and selection. Runner design. Unsteadiness in hydraulic machines. Generators and other equipment in hydropower plants. Gearing and power generator design. Automatic control and control systems.Technical and economic indicators of hydropower plants. Sociological and ecological aspects related to hydropower plant installation. Hydropower as energy storage facility.

Learning outcomes:




Describe theoretical and practical aspects of hydropower conversion to electricity

Estimate the hydraulic parameters and select the required hydraulic machine

Access the literature on hydropower and write reports

Explain purpose of hydraulic machines, their types and operating principles

Estimate the power capacity of the river and the potential electric energy production

Appreciate an industrial perspective of technology development

Evaluate the economic viability of hydropower projects

Apply the methods of construction of hydropower plants

Effectively communicate knowledge, understanding and research results to the broader scientific community and the general public, using different mediums

Evaluate sociological and ecological aspects related to hydropower plant installation

Apply technical knowledge and skills to solve engineering problems as part ofthe project team

Recommended literature:

J. A. Roberson, J. J. Cassidy, M. H. Chaudhry, HydraulicEngineering, 1998.
B. Leyland, SmallHydroelectricEngineeringPractice, CRC Press 2014.
Wagner, Hermann-Josef, Mathur, Jyotirmay, Introduction to Hydro Energy Systems Basics, Technology and Operation, Springer 2011

Suggested online references: