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Higher Education Technical Challenges Hub: Module Specification

RE9M1 - Biomass Energy

pdf version of module specification

Download the module specification

pdf version of module specification


Module:

Programme:

Energy

ECTS:

6

Type:

Master

Module name:

Biomass Energy


Scope and form:

The students receive valuable information and develop skills related to: biomass energy resources and potential, biomass conversion processes, the uses of biomass energy.
Form: Elective; face to face.


Duration (weeks; Hours/week):

15 weeks; 4 hours/week

Type of assessment:

Distributed evaluation with final exam.

Qualified Prerequisites:

Foundations on renewable energy; some basic knowledge in biology and chemistry.


General module objectives:

Utilization of biomass energy resources as fuel is very important in a practical sense, because they must be disposed of anyway to avoid pollution and are mostly more advantageous in economy. The aim of this module is to analyze the principles of biomass energy. During the module, biomass energy resources and potential, biomass conversion processes, the uses of biomass energy are tought.


Topics and short description:

Principles of biomass energy, biomass areas and biomass energy resources, biomass energy potential of the world. Flow between plants and ecosystem: photosynthesis, C3 and C4 metabolism in plants, the differences between C3 and C4 Plants, The Crops Grown for energy purposes (energy crops). Physical and chemical characteristics of the biomass materials: specific mass, humidity, caloric power, carbon/nitrogen ratio, carbon /hydrogen ratio. Biomass conversion processes: thermochemical conversion processes (direct combustion, pyrolysis, gasification, liquidification), Biochemical conversion processes (Alcoholic fermentation, anaerobic digestion, biophotolysis), Agrochemical methods (fuel extraction). The uses of biomass energy: the use of traditional biomass, the use of modern biomass. Advantages and disadvantages of biomass energy.


Learning outcomes:

Knowledge

Skills

Competences

Understand basic biomass and biomass energy concepts

Literature survey, oral and writing skills

Follow related literature and transfer it into information.

Understand problems related to energy needs for sustainable and clean energy

Follow synthesize and analyze related literature.

Experimental design, Data analysis, and assessment

Biomass energy conversion methods

Using mathematics, science and engineering knowledge

Chose the conversion method that is most appropriate

Understand to basic principle of obtaining energy and its relationship with the environment

modeling and analysis skills

Follow national and international standards of quality in biomass energy applications


Recommended literature:

D.L. Klass, Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, Chemicals, Academic Press, San Diego 1998
A. Nag, Biomass refining and Performance, McGraw Hill, 2008.
C.M.Drapcho, N.P.Nhuan, T.H. Walker, Biofuels Engineering Process Technology, McGraw Hill, 2008
Spon, Khan, M., R., “ Conversion and Utilization of Waste Materials”, 1986
Osamu, K., Thomas, J., Robert, M., P., Abdellah, R., “Energy and Biomass Engineering”, The American Society of Agricultural Engineers, (1999)